A Koppo by any other name

…is still basically a Koppo Stick. Or is it?

My own research, studies and practice marches on. Sometimes you fine people E-mail me and say, "When is a new article coming out?" Well, I have to actually go out and practice and continue to train, right? The never-ending maze of research and writing, drawing and re-drawing marches on. It never ends.

(Long Micarta Koppo Stick)

I can tell you that the more I research the more I realize that nothing is completely "new." Almost everything is a new twist on something old.

It came as quite a surprise to me the other day to find that what I refer to as a Koppo Stick has a Cousin in Okinawan Karate. They are called, "Chizikunbo." They are palm sticks, from what I understand some with the finger cord and some without. They have also been referred to as "Chizonkon" as well. And in Okinawan Martial Arts, they are in the same class of hand weapon as the Tekko.

(1 Suntetsu, 2 type of Chizikunbo/Tekko, 3 Koppo or Chizikunbo)

Neat, huh? Now, all of you fine readers who are involved in the Okinawan Martial Arts can pester your Instructor for any further information and specific movements. Beware, the level of obscurity might vary from Instructor to Instructor and the Tekko in particular is not exactly…shall we say, "politically correct."

In the past six months, possibly more than any other point in my own development, I have played "Connect-the-Dots" with various Martial Arts Weapons both ancient and modern.

In this new batch of articles, you are going to see the Dots Connected between many different things. Most notably, the two Articles on Garrottes and Flexible Weapons, the Ju-Jo and a new Ju-Jo Article building on the last one, the older Koppo Stick Article, as well as Articles on Brass Knuckles and links to Okinawan Karate from THAT.

All of these articles I am writing with very few exceptions, can be viewed as Chapters in the same Book. At least…I hope so. In the end, the goal is to be able to pick anything up and use it. That’s the end of the journey…or is it?

You decide.

The Origin of the Yawara Stick

In the last Koppo Stick Article, we delved into Filipino Martial Arts primarily.

There is some evidence, historically, that the Japanese Yawara Stick movements were taken from Tantojutsu [Knifefighting] and that they evolved through using a Tanto in a wooden sheath, the knife was still sheathed, you see…interesting, huh?

There are so many different things that have contributed to the Yawara Stick movements. The sheathed Tanto is one. The Tessen [Iron War Fan] or Kassen [An Iron War Fan that is not really a fan, it just resembles one, also a projectile weapon as a segue to drawing an edged weapon…combining the idea of Metsubushi to the mix. In the Metsubushi Article, there is a connection other than that, the empty can of O.C. can be used as a Yawara or if the O.C. Fails To Stop the attacker.] Movements/Techniques have been extracted from these and from these movements, effective techniques of using a simple pocket stick have been developed.

I don’t know how you could leave the Tessen and Kassen out of the Yawara Puzzle. There might be "Tessen-specific" movements, but I think if someone was schooled in these various things, they can make a lot of different devices work well.

Understand that I try to make all of the articles stand on their own, but you really need to read and examine all of them. The Yawara Stick Article is linked to this one. They can’t really be separated. What I stated above about the Tessen and Kassen, I left out of the Yawara Stick Article on purpose. Explore all the Articles and find the common thread between all of them… The Tessen and Kassen are linked to the Yawara as far as I’m concerned, however…

More Gentle Observations

Not really "critics," per se, but some observations from others have hinted that if you use a Koppo Stick and you have that loop around your two middle fingers, you might have your fingers broken in a fight. Meaning, the attacker might grab the Koppo Stick and twist it to snap your fingers.

This is primarily a consideration for those that use a Koppo as Sensei Tak Kubota has advised over the years to use a Kubotan. Meaning, using it as a pressure device for pain compliance and/or to use as a mechanical assistance to a throw or takedown. I know Sensei Kubota also has striking techniques…but a lot of the emphasis with the Kubotan is on control. Civilians/Citizens…non-Law Enforcement folks will not usually have the need to restrain someone. By all means, learn these techniques in case you do ever have a need for them. But understand that if someone attacks you in a K-Mart parking lot, you don’t have to restrain them or arrest them, you merely have to bust them up to the point they either do not want to attack you anymore or they are incapable of attacking you anymore.

If you are using a Koppo Stick correctly, i.e., combatively, this is not so much of a concern, as the attacker will find it incredibly difficult to do something like grabbing a Koppo Stick with two small areas projecting from each side of the fist. In other words, you are going to be pounding on them. That is the primary mode for a Koppo Stick to be used with everything else being secondary. If you decide to use a wrist lock [inside or outside] and wish to use the Koppo Stick as a reinforcer for that, or using fingerlocks [Yubi Tori], you are advised to strike them first and repeatedly. Atemi-waza, striking, then and only then, go for whatever else you wish to do.

Grabbing onto someone without disabling them or fogging their mind using Atemi-waza is a very bad mistake. To think that you will automatically use superior skill to gain the upper hand, no matter what your size or that of your attacker and you are going to joint lock them…is a fantasy. It might work in some instances; however, as I am always fond of saying…you are betting your life on this, place your bets carefully.

Now, without saying so, I already addressed some other critics of the Koppo Stick and the last Article I wrote on it. That opinion being that the Koppo Stick is ineffective because locking people up is ineffective as a first response. Well, it is not going to be my first response, striking is.

An Example

So, you are a Black Belt in Karate. This monster of a man comes up and grabs you by the upper part of your clothing, we can say "Lapel Grab," that’s fine. Being a streetwise person, you know the headbutt is coming next, right? Or, perhaps the person has only grabbed you with one hand and in the other, he is going to retrieve the knife he has. Maybe that atrocious little .25 Caliber Semiautomatic that no self-respecting Gun Owner would own and he is going to start dumping the magazine into your gut…

You have to act in that instant, it’s just that simple. He has already assaulted you, he has grabbed you.

He is unknown to you, you are not a Psychic, and you have no idea what he is going to do.

Now, the guy is a large person and through just being a large person or perhaps through some weight training in prison, he is very strong. What do you do?

Using your other hand, pin the hand of the arm you are going to strike. An inward block, hammerfist with a Koppo Stick in hand, you hit them with all you have with the intention of breaking their elbow joint by striking the outside of it. Will it break? I don’t know, it depends on how strong you are, how accurate the strike is and to what degree they have their elbow joint hyper-extended by grabbing you, etc. But, know this, it will damage them. All of your power, perhaps you have broken boards with a hammerfist, well, all of that power that you have is going to be focused on the end of a Pocket Stick. Even if you miss the elbow itself, you may strike the area just above it and stun/damage the Ulnar Nerve Area, the famous "Funny Bone" which will cause some degree of dysfunction in that limb to the point of making it useless for some period of time. Perhaps you will damage the Triceps Tendon or the Triceps Muscle higher up on the arm. If their elbow(s) are down, hammerfist down onto the top of the forearm mound [Radial Nerve Area] or into the inside of the elbow joint. The options are limitless, but these are various first strikes with the Pocket Stick in that situation.

Next, you could redirect immediately and go into the head/facial area. Or you could go low and hammerfist to the rib cage then go inside and hit to the sternum. It’s endless and limited only by your training and creativity.

If they have their hands on your throat, you might want to bypass all of that and strike for the temple. Yes, it could be a lethal blow, but their hands are around your throat. What do you think their intentions are?

Take a look at this grand old illustration found in Fairbairn’s book, "Get Tough!" This is a reverse hammerfist. Do this, but with a pocket stick…if it is a lethal attack, a knife or choke…or a handgun as the illustration suggests…aim a little higher and strike the temple.

The Kubotan

Anyone that has ever had a Kubotan properly applied to his or her wrist knows very well that the pain can be excruciating. That sealing effect of both thumbs wrapping the wrist with the Kubotan on the bone, then the rolling, as downward pressure is applied, is nothing short of wet-your-pants painful. It does hurt like hell. And that movement, the most simple of all when it comes to using the Kubotan to "control and restrain," should be learned and mastered by anyone carrying any form of Pocket Stick, even the lowly Mini-MagLite. As you secure that technique and you walk away and direct them to the ground, if done properly, only the most powerful or drugged attackers could resist it.

Where I disagree with advocating that in most situations is, if the guy has his hands around your throat, you should be hitting him, right now. The reason is, his response is one that dictates you striking him. If he has you by the clothing on the upper part of your body, again, that headbutt might be coming. Don’t waste time getting the position and the technique…he’s not going to stand there and let you do it.

Yes, I know how fast someone can get a Kubotan around someone’s wrist when that wrist is up near your head in a lapel grab or throat grab, I know because I can do it myself. But what I can show you and what I know how to do for some altercations, I would not necessarily do on the street against an "unknown."

I know this works a lot of the time for Police Officers, but they are in a different job. I was never a Bouncer, or I should use the term that is en vogue now, a Doorman. I did, however, work Concert Security on quite a few occasions as a Part-time job when I was working Full-time for an Alarm Company. I enjoyed it. Jacking up recalcitrant dopers at concerts was a nice way to make extra money and to test some other things out that I would not want to test out on the other job I had at the time.

The whole focus is different when you have to put your hands on someone and make them do something you want them to do or go somewhere that you want them to go. You do not have to do that with an attacker on the street, nor should you. It opens up other problems, you have no back-up coming, what the hell are you going to do with someone once you have restrained them? Keep them secured and see who shows up on scene first? The Police or the attacker’s friends?

Anyway, when I was working that job, I could not pummel someone to get him or her to do what I wanted him or her to do unless they started actively fighting, most of them resisted but they did not want to go "all the way." I did have to get rough with several people at almost every concert I worked. The Kubotan is a great device, so are MagLites for cracking people.

Your job is surviving; you do not have to arrest anyone. You don’t have to physically throw someone out of an exit at a concert hall. You only need to make it home.

Enter the Suntetsu

In the drawing below, you will see a weapon that was "invented" by an American. This was found online with a Patent Search. Once again, my good friend Jay came through with converting the goofy format for me.

The Patent was filed April 2, 1976. This is where the illustration came from, the Patent Document.

This hand weapon is similar, almost identical, to a Japanese Suntetsu. This weapon, looking at the drawing, seems to be of equal length although the text of the Patent hints that it should be offset if I understand it correctly.

The Suntetsu, on the other hand, has the finger ring noticeably offset, meaning, one end of the Suntetsu is longer than the other when measured from the finger ring.

The reason for that is simple. The Suntetsu can be palmed and concealed, then it is rotated so a "spearing hand," can be used with the base of the Suntetsu firmly placed in the palm of the hand.

The Suntetsu I have found online have a thick base with rounded end for placing into the palm, so the palm is not damaged on a hard thrust while the other end is slimmer and would focus more energy.

Consider these drawings. The weapon on the left is directly from the Patent Document and the drawings to the right of it I have altered to try to illustrate the concept of the Suntetsu being concealed and then rotated to strike for a spearing thrust with the fingers extended…

Like the Koppo Stick, this is a very versatile weapon indeed. But make no mistake, if you were to carry one, it would be considered a weapon by almost any person you would meet.

You can grab, palm slap (which is a vicious jawbreaker and might break a clavicle as well with the Suntetsu or Koppo Stick…) as well as strike with hammerfist or reverse hammerfist. The Suntetsu can spear naturally when rotated to that position; not something easily accomplished with the two-finger loop of the Koppo Stick.

Weapons begin to blur into One…

At this point, all of these things I have written about in the past begin to blur into one small group of hand weapons that are so intricately related it amazes me.

The Okinawan Chizikunbo or Chizonkon is basically what I call a Koppo Stick. It has a two-finger loop. But there is another version carved out of wood that has a single finger hole and this is more like the Japanese Suntetsu. In Okinawa…the Chizikunbo or Chizonkon might be referred to as "Tekko" even though a Tekko is a specific weapon onto itself. A pair of knuckledusters. Interesting, huh?

It gets better…

Dr. John Lewis invented the Ju-jo and Magnum Ju-jo, right? Where did the idea come from? Did it come from the Manrikigusari/Kusari Fundo; the weighted fighting chains…or…what?

Well, enter another Ancient Japanese hand weapon, the Te no uchi.

The Te no uchi is a Pocket Stick with a cord attached to it, a long length of cord tied in a specific manner… The lines between all of these small hand weapons continue to blur beyond all recognition. You can clearly place them into different categories but those categories have incredibly strong links where the lines between them blur to the point of being non-existent at times.

Read the Ju-jo II Article for more on that. Enjoy connecting the dots for yourself.

I do not claim that I am "right" in this, I merely put this forth for you to examine on your own. If you disagree, that’s fine. Have a basis for the disagreement, however. This Article you are reading is obviously linked to the first Koppo Stick Article, now…the original Ju-jo Article, both Articles on Garrotte and Flexible Weapons enter in as well.

I want to paint a large picture for you to examine. When you look at it, you can look at it as a guessing game I’m playing, or you can see something deeper than that. In the study of these simple hand weapons, you begin to see all sorts of things around you that can be pressed into service as improvised weapons if need be…the list is endless.

When you look at the various Arts and the methods/techniques they use, you see a plethora of movements to choose from, to insert into your own personal System of Self-defense.

Let’s face it. We might study one Art or several, what we are doing is trying to find our own way and we are trying to personalize what it is we learn. That is what this is all about. PLUS…it’s interesting…

Koppo Stick vs. Edged Weapon

This is what it’s all about, one of the most lethal situations you can be involved in is someone who has a knife and for whatever reason, they want to put it on you and/or in you repeatedly.

"Fools rush in where Angels fear to tread…"

Understand that having something so simple as a pocket stick and being competent with the device will increase your odds of survival against a knife-wielding attacker.

You have to know how they move and if you know how they move and the various ruses, feints and whatnot, you also know how to use the weapon and more than that, and the pocket stick becomes more viable.

If anyone wishes to debate the power of something so "simple and stupid" as a Kubotan, by all means, spend $5.00 on one, place your hand on your desk and hammerfist your own hand. Haha! Make a fist with one hand and hold a pencil in it and smack the hell out of it with a Kubotan in the other.

What I’m trying to say is, the projection of the Koppo/Kubotan, etc., out of your fist has a power far beyond that of your hand alone.

For simple Self-defense, a pocket stick is excellent. With a lot of practice, the pocket stick is viable against the edged weapon.

Holding the pocket stick, regardless of type, in a High Guard with the hand holding the pocket stick hovering somewhere close to the sternum, keeps the hand holding the pocket stick out of the fray. Yet, it can shoot outwards or downwards or respond to either right or left sides.

The off-hand, the Live Hand, that is there to fend off and possibly guide the attacker’s hand, deflecting it, parrying and possibly pushing it into the pocket stick…

More Training Ideas

You need to get some good forearm/hand guards that are tough and can take a good shot from a pocket stick without the possibility of severe injury.

Then, grab a Training Knife of some type, and go slowly…

This is developmental and confidence building; this is not, "how you fight." Nothing will be predictable or "easy" on the street.

Have your partner, the "Attacker," put the forearm/hand guards on and then he will have the Training Knife. You will have the Koppo…

Understand this, most people that are attacked with a knife end up having defensive cuts on their hands and/or forearms, etc.

If you, as the target of a violent knife assault, can get your hands out there into the fray and get them cut; you can hit that incoming limb as well…

Self-defense, the whole concept, slips by so many people who think you are absolutely helpless when confronted with someone who has a knife, etc. It does not have to be that way. No one is saying you will escape unscathed, you might, but more than that, you get to live.

Even 100 sutures and terrible scars are far better than a casket.

Go slowly and develop the hand-eye coordination necessary to strike that incoming knife hand…have the Attacker come in slowly with a stomach thrust, strike downwards onto the incoming hand or the mound of the forearm.

Act as if the Koppo were an icepick that you wanted to drive through that incoming limb…

The "Attacker" should go through these various slashes and thrusts, slowly, you are developing skill, not duelling. It’s not a contest; it’s developing skill, no winners and no losers.

The Attacker slashes with a #1 forehand cut to your face or neck, you counter with the Koppo.

He slashes backhanded with a #2, you counter.

When you make contact with the Koppo, learn to use your off hand, getting it in there to check the incoming limb in case the Koppo does not find its’ mark. Done hard, this can also blow the knife right out of someone’s hand…

After you become skilled at doing this, you can begin to slowly add speed. You can slowly add combinations of slashes and thrusts and then, you will add them –NOT– using the same sequence so that the "Defender" does not know what is coming next; but can only respond to what is given him/her.

Going Upstairs

After you have some time in with these developmental exercises, you now have to learn to end the encounter…eliminating the possibility of the attacker continuing his attack…

That means that once you get the good blasting hit on the weapon arm and you can check it to smother it, you turn their lights off by going up to the neck and head. Cause that dysfunction or disarm in the limb but never count on that alone because sometimes, it is just not going to happen. Other times, as you will see in training, you can blow the knife right out of their hand if you get a solid hit.

But the hit is the segue to the rest, it is not a stand alone unless you are fortunate enough to blast the knife out of their hand and they immediately turn and run from you, etc.

Kicking

When you buy some padded forearm/hand protection to slip on your partner to practice these things, make sure you get some shin/instep protection too. Then you can start using the Koppo or whatever pocket stick you choose to defend against kicks.

Some people can and will use their feet on the street. Learn to deal with that, see the strengths and weaknesses of various types and methodologies of kicking.

Start out slow as before, this is slow practice at first working up to speed and real time movement.

You are going to see new doors open to you. Learning to move side to side, forward and back while you get the hit in and then that is an entry to removing the threat.

If you are lucky, you might break something on the first shot and not have to involve yourself further with the attacker. They can scream obscenities while they hold their leg as you trot off to your car…

When you practice against experienced kickers, have them do the kicks in a non-telegraphic manner and you watch them and you watch low, then you watch the shoulders. You watch many people like that. Review tapes of No Holds Barred Matches as well as Kickboxing Matches to see the telltale signs of the chambering of various kicks. Then you learn to either blast the leg at some point. Moving back and getting your hit in, or you learn to see the chamber and step in and strike them, smothering the kick and taking the wind out of it because their target is much closer than they thought it was.

This is not rocket science friends.

The first Koppo Stick Article

 As I was finishing this article, I decided to revise the original Koppo Stick Article.

The Koppo Stick and Ju-jo Articles are probably the most popular on this website. I get the most E-mail about them, without a doubt.

I am hoping that the new Koppo Stick Article as well as the new Ju-jo Article coming soon will continue to turn people on to the whole idea of Pocket Sticks as well as Flexible Weapons. The Yawara Stick Article is already receiving good feedback and I hope everyone understands everything.

Some people had some trouble understanding some of the illustrations in the last Koppo Stick Article. So, when I revised that, I removed most of those illustrations and decided to place them in this article instead.

The reason for that was…I never put them in the other article as the definitive way to use a Pocket Stick of any kind. They were merely snapshots to illustrate some things. It is almost impossible to teach from a webpage. The movement is faster than you might imagine if you have never been exposed to something like Filipino Martial Arts.

I tried to explain some concepts and techniques like "The Shake & Break" as well as what I call, "Ricochet Striking."

I am now going to place them in here just as a basic guide to convey some ideas.

Some folks also had problems with the way I illustrated, I should have explained the pictures better.

When you see a straight or curved line that is red or blue, that is basically showing you only one angle where a strike could be launched. Know that this is not set in stone at all. It’s just an example.

When you see something circled with a red or blue circle, that is something to examine, it might be a small movement or an entire striking area.

When you see blue or red dots on the "attacker," these are just generic areas you can strike to get a good hit in on the person. Nothing more and nothing less.

When you see the "defender" with red dots in their hand and possibly a red line across their knuckles, this represents the Koppo Stick and the two-finger loop of cord for it. That’s all. So now, some of you won’t have to scratch your head and figure out what all the squiggly lines are for and whatnot. This should clear things up.

The thing you have to remember about the following pictures are, these are just examples of how to use the Pocket Stick. That’s all.

Simple Anatomy

By all means, anyone who has a serious interest in Self-defense should have an intimate knowledge of the human anatomy. I am going to place these illustrations in here, but do not allow yourself to be bogged down to pinpoint striking.

This is a problem with a lot of Martial Arts, in that, they believe they are going to have this extraordinary degree of pinpoint accuracy on the street.

One has to wonder how many fights some of these people have been in. Sometimes you get what you want, perfectly, other times, someone will be absolutely flailing at you and you will not get what you have trained for…

Have the confidence in knowing that almost anywhere you strike with a Pocket Stick, you are going to cause some damage.

Head and Neck

Understand that striking to the neck and/or the head area carries with it the possibility of death to the attacker. Do not ever forget this, it is a fact and not mere conjecture. If you strike someone in a vital area, you had best make positively sure that you were 100% justified in using Lethal Force to begin with or you could find yourself in prison.

Head and neck targets…anywhere on the head or completely around the neck should be reserved for when your life is in danger.

The Torso

That illustration is in the first Koppo Stick Article. I won’t place it in here once again, but know that even some powerful strikes with a Pocket Stick could break ribs and those ribs could pierce the lungs and cause the death of the attacker as well.

Make sure you are justified before you strike anybody for any reason.

The Arm

As we discussed with the head and neck areas, these are simply points where striking will be effective. That does not mean if you miss that the strike will be ineffective. These are just here for education and nothing more at all. If you miss a "red dot" on someone, you are still striking them and you should continue to do so until the threat has been neutralized. It’s just that simple. Discussing the radial and ulnar nerves and whatnot is fine. If one of your strikes lands there, it will probably be more effective, if you miss, do not stop until the threat is over. That does not mean, "the threat is DEAD." It means the attack has been neutralized.

Self-defense Scenarios and "Sequences"

The throat or lapel grab

If a person unknown to you grabs you by the throat, as far as I’m concerned, this is a lethal attack. Their intent might not be to kill you, but they can kill you rather easily and very fast by doing so and crushing the trachea.

If you are in fear for your life, act accordingly. The law allows for that. There is absolutely no justification for a stranger to be placing their hand on your throat.

If they do this and they immediately start to squeeze, you may be legally justified in using Lethal Force. Note that "may" is italicized. The reason for this is, I am not an Attorney. We are also speaking hypothetically. You may have to escalate immediately and strike the head. Only you will know and only you can make the decision if and when the time comes.

The lapel grab is placed in here because the same approach works for either attack.

The lapel grab is not the strike, the lapel grab is the segue and the anchor for the strike. That strike might be a headbutt to your face, it might be a knee to your groin.

Then again, it might be to anchor you so the attacker’s other hand can pump a knife into you a dozen times or draw a handgun.

Yet, you cannot use Lethal Force, according to conventional wisdom, because the general consensus is, the lapel grab is used "to rough you up." I know this is absurd and at that point, the law and people who spew this nonsense are demanding that you should be a Psychic and try to ascertain in a split second exactly what the intentions are of the attacker. It is a physical impossibility to do so.

The safe bet, legally, that is still effective, is to immediately counterattack them and break their ability to keep you there, anchored for whatever they wish to do to you.

The arms have many vulnerable areas. Do not try for pain compliance, there are simply too many determined or drugged people out there in the world to rely on this. Remember, you usually have one chance, to do something meaningful and effective. This is why I do not like to attempt wrist locking or the brutally painful Kubotan techniques because as painful as they can be when executed properly, some people through pure mean spirit, adrenaline or drugs can fight through that.

I am also aware that a Pocket Stick can be used to "anchor" someone’s hand on you and then you can then put an immense amount of pressure on the back of their hand, a very sensitive area, and then take a step back and they will respond. But not everyone will. This is the same movement used in "The Shake & Break." But it relies on the person registering the pain and some people simply do not, especially if they are chemically fueled.

This illustration simply shows that you can strike the bottom of the arm or the top of the arm in such a situation. You can strike the outside or inside of the arm. No matter where the Stick lands, hit them extremely hard. You do not know what is coming and you do not want to find out. You have to eliminate the possibility that their strike(s) will even be launched.

You could also thrust the Stick directly into the midsection, etc. This would keep the Stick and your counter below the line of sight as well. Every situation is unique. That is why you should center your lifesaving skills around non-specific defenses. These are just ideas folks.

In the next illustration, you see what could be an immediate response as well, a slapping strike to the face with the Koppo, your hand is open, and then going for the eyes. The responses are limitless, but they have to be effective.

Front & Rear Bearhugs

When grabbed from the rear in a bearhug, know that the person is going to really slam his hands into your solar plexus hard to try to knock the wind from you instantly. He is then going to either slam you face first on the ground, into a wall or parked car…or he is going to hold you so one of his friends can pummel you or knife you. The grab itself is an attack because it is done very hard in real life. Something most Dojos do not do. Most of the time when you see this done in a class or demo, the grab is really easy for the most part. It won’t be that way on the street. It is going to be a lot more brutal than most Martial Arts Classes demonstrate.

Another possibility is when a man bearhugs a woman. That can also mean they are going to drag the woman off into a stand of trees or a waiting vehicle to kidnap and rape the woman.

Women should automatically assume this is the intent of the male grabbing them in a front or rear bearhug.

Once the hold is broken, the woman should turn and flatten them without hesitation. I know there can be cases where "friends" will grab an unsuspecting woman like this, jokingly, I cannot comment on that. That is for the Ladies to address in their own, personal life and who they associate with. I’m talking about attackers.

From left to right, in the first three illustrations, you see the front bearhug. The blue dots just signify that you can strike all up the side of someone with great effect. That’s all! Depending on your size and the size and strength of your attacker, you might be able to strike to the side of the head or the back of the head from the very start as is illustrated in first picture. You can then headbutt them or strike down into their side…once the hold is broken, you can strike downwards into their side again.

The second set of three illustrations [a black line separates both sets of three pictures] shows the rear bearhug. This is where "The Shake & Break" from the first article can come into play. You can either break the hold and turn on them to strike, or if they are very strong and have a high tolerance to pain, etc., you can get both hands up on the Stick and break the hold somewhat and get a finger. If you get a finger and you start to bring it back and get no response, assume that this attacker has an incredible pain tolerance, break their finger and obtain another one. Repeat until you run out of fingers, then they will not be able to hold you, right?

When you turn, use the elbow! Just because you have a Pocket Stick in your hand does not mean you ignore your natural weapons.

The Pocket Stick can follow the elbow if necessary. You see the rearward headbutt in there as well. That should be taking place to further break the hold as you perform "The Shake & Break," go into fingerlocking or finger destruction.

In either case, if the person picks you up off of the ground, run in place violently, they will find it very hard to hold all of your body weight moving around violently like that.

Simplicity.

The Headlock

This illustration shows a simple headlock and a crank downwards for control. The Koppo can be used to strike upwards into the groin or if the Koppo is at your side and you are in a position to see, you can strike the attacker’s hands that are clasped together. Either one will do.

Get your hand up into their eyes immediately, don’t mess around or they will bite you for your trouble. Violence of action, fast movement. Get the hand up there and get the fingers in their eyes and pry the head back hard. Now, you might strike upwards into the groin once again, then once the hold is broken and you have their head peeled back and they are off balance…a hammerfist with the Koppo, even done without a lot of force, can knock the wind out of them instantly.

Again, the legal system is going to judge you. Be careful and know that something so simple as a Pocket Stick in this position, that person might suffer extreme neck trauma and if that Pocket Stick lands on the sternum or ribs forcefully, you can break or crush bone.

Striking after Locking

This illustration simply shows many possibilities if you do lock someone up and you feel you are losing control of them and they are going to attack you again.

Or, perhaps you have restrained them and then you see his two brothers or friends get out of a car across the street and you have to put him down or you will have to deal with him once again AND his associates.

Just to give you more ideas. Nothing is specific.

Multiple Strikes

These are especially important when you have gained the upper hand against someone much larger than you [disparity of force] or someone who has produced a weapon, etc.

You have to strike them immediately and you have to strike them until they no longer pose a threat to you. This can also be considered "chasing." Contrary to what many people think, human beings usually do not just stand there when they are being hit hard and fast. They move. If they are going out, they usually move downwards, falling or back and down. Some will simply move back as they are being hit. This is when the "chase" happens.

This is simply a groin strike with the Pocket Stick and catching the head on the way down with a horizontal elbow strike. Colliding, the head and the hands usually follow the pain. Create the opening by the groin shot and meet their head because you know it will be headed, to some degree, towards their midsection or groin because they are responding to the groin strike. Not everyone will respond the same, but this is a general "truism" of fighting. The head and the hands usually follow the pain.

After that, even a glancing hammerfist off of the side of the head if need be, if that degree of force is justified, can get them wheeling and you can hammerfist down onto the clavicle, etc., as need be to survive.

Chokeholds are obviously very dangerous. You can lose your life. Act accordingly. To best describe the response, I would use the word "ballistic." Go absolutely nuts on the attacker but have a method to your madness.

At first contact, you need to be going berserk. If you can stun them on the way in, all the better. Right back into the face with the Koppo Stick, back into the ribs, proceed with elbows and heel kicks with all you have.

If you fail at that point, you can pull down on their arm to lessen the effect of the choke, you can take the Koppo Stick and beat on the tip of their elbow. Everything is non-specific and the focus is on being ruthless and violent. Being "easy" will simply get you killed.

This next sequence, notice the red line along the bottom of the "defender's" elbow. That is an elbow in a High Guard, spearing into an onrushing attacker. The blue dots are all points which the Koppo Stick can strike and the two blue lines simply show an outward or overhand path for the Koppo Stick. The second picture shows the spearing elbow "collapsing" into a horizontal elbow strike, the red line on the top could be the downward, "slashing" elbow, the second red line is the edge-of-hand strike coming back at the attacker. The Koppo Stick can then again strike as required.

Ricochet Striking

I covered this in the first Koppo Stick Article. This has to do with the above passage, "The head and the hands usually follow the pain." Sometimes, when people are susceptible to this, you can "set up" other strikes.

This one was described in the last article. This is simply thrusting with the Pocket Stick to the midsection and then re-orienting the Stick point up and meeting their jaw on the way down, or it might land behind the chin, in the very sensitive area directly below the tongue. It matters not. This can be done very fast and you should be seeking out these various types of strikes in your own training.

Do not forget your other natural weapons! They are always there and in some cases, might be more effective. If the person knows you have something in your hand, a simple feint with the Pocket Stick, especially a Koppo with keys attached to it, might draw their attention upwards so you can lowline kick them.

Experiment all you can and practice safely and with an eye towards development and not competition.

Don Rearic

ãDonRearic.com

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